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The Complete Guide to Bunion Surgery: Everything You Need To Know

Bunions are a common foot deformity that can cause pain and difficulty with walking. Surgery is often the only way to correct the deformity and relieve the pain.

Bunion surgery is a complex procedure that should only be performed by a skilled and experienced surgeon. There are a number of different types of bunion surgery, each with its own risks and benefits. The type of surgery that is right for you will depend on the severity of your deformity and your overall health.

This complete guide to bunion surgery will explain everything you need to know about the procedure – from the different types of surgery to the risks and complications.



What is a bunion?


A bunion is a deformity of the foot that causes the big toe to point inward toward the second toe. Bunions can be painful and make it difficult to wear certain types of shoes. They can also lead to other problems, such as arthritis of the big toe.

There are several different causes of bunions, but they tend to run in families. People with certain medical conditions, such as arthritis or diabetes, are also more likely to develop bunions. Wearing shoes that are too tight or have high heels can also contribute to the development of bunions.

Treatment for bunions typically involves wearing wider, more comfortable shoes and taking over-the-counter pain medications. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct the deformity.


What happens during surgery?


Bunion surgery is typically performed to correct a deformity of the big toe. The surgery involves realigning the bones, ligaments, tendons, and muscles in the toe to improve its alignment and function. Bunion surgery is usually performed as an outpatient procedure, meaning the patient can go home the same day.

The surgery usually takes about 1-2 hours to complete. The patient will be given general anaesthesia or local anaesthesia with sedation before the surgery begins. A small incision will be made on the side or top of the big toe, and the surgeon will then proceed to correct the deformity. The incision will be closed with stitches, and a splint or cast will be placed on the foot to protect it during the healing process.

After completion, the surgical team will apply heavy bandaging around the foot which should remain in place for two weeks. A surgical shoe can be worn over the bandages which will allow for short movements around the house.


What should I do to keep the wound clean?

It is important to keep your wound clean after surgery to prevent infection. You will be given specific instructions on how to care for your wound. Here are some general tips:

- Keep the wound area clean and dry.

- Change your bandage as directed.

- Do not pick at or scratch the wound.

- Avoid soaking the wound in water (such as in a bathtub or pool) until it has healed.

If you have any concerns about your wound, be sure to talk to your doctor.


What is recovery like?


Bunions are a common condition that affects the bones and joints of the foot. Surgery is often recommended for bunions that are severe or cause pain. Recovery after bunion surgery usually takes about six to eight weeks.

During the first few days after surgery, you will likely need to ice your foot and keep it elevated to reduce swelling. You will also be given a surgical shoe to wear. As you start to recover, you will be able to put more weight on your foot and might even be able to walk without crutches.

Full recovery can take several months. It is important to follow your surgeon's instructions during your recovery to reduce the risk of complications.


If you are considering bunion surgery, this guide provides everything you need to know. The surgery involves making an incision in the foot to remove the bony bump. The recovery process is typically short, but you will need to wear a surgical shoe for protection. You can expect some pain and swelling during the recovery process. To ensure a successful surgery and recovery, be sure to follow your doctor's instructions and take care of your foot.


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